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Exercise Science & Integrative Health Guide


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ESIH Articles & Databases

Journal articles provide current information, various points of view on your topic, and information that is not covered in books. Search article databases like the ones recommended below when you need to find journal, magazine, or newspaper articles written about exercise science and related topics.

When you have found citations for articles, use the "Full Text Finder" button within the databases to determine availability for the article. This function will tell you whether the Mount library owns the journal or if it is available full-text.

PICO Search

Using PICO Search in EBSCO Databases

PICO is an acronym that describes a process for helping health professionals formulate a clinical question before starting a search.

The clinical question needs to identify:

  • Population or problem we intend to study
  • Intervention or treatment we plan to use
  • Comparison of one intervention to another
  • Outcome we anticipate

All EBSCO databases, including CINAHL Complete, MEDLINE with Full Text, Alt HealthWatch, and SPORTDiscus with Full Text, support this searching style by providing a unique search box for filling in the separate PICO elements. This feature helps researchers reduce their search query into a succinct statement and defines specific keywords.

Creating a PICO Search

In the following example, the researcher wants to know "In newborns experiencing pain, is there evidence to suggest that skin to skin contact is more effective than administering oral sucrose to reduce pain?"

To search using PICO:

  1. On an EBSCO Database search screen (such as CINAHL Complete) (basic  or advanced), click the PICO Search link below the search box.
    Pico Search
  2. Reduce your question into specific keywords and enter them in the PICO search box fields.
    Note: The (P)opulation and (I)ntervention fields must have terms entered. The (C)omparison and (O)utcome fields are optional for searching.
    Creating Pico search
  3. After entering your terms, click Submit.

  4. Your results are displayed.

For more information on PICO, along with additional examples of PICO questions, see "Forming Focused Questions with PICO: About PICO" from the University of North Carolina's Health Sciences Library.